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ERIC Number: ED439446
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Mar-8
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Silence/Listening and Intercultural Differences.
Franks, Parthenia H.
This paper explores the different ways in which Chinese American, Japanese American, Korean American, African American, and European American cultures value and use silence during conversation--the term "silence" is used broadly to denote limited oral speech verbal messages or the usage of fewer words to express feelings, ideas, and thoughts. Pointing out that all the ethnic groups discussed here have high exposure to United States (US) or Western culture, the paper shows glimpses of a few of the prominent features of certain cultures on the behavior of silence during conversation. The paper notes first that silence to some extent is valued within all cultural groups. It then discusses European American culture, the dominant US culture, suggesting that the US has an individualistic culture which uses low-context communication, meaning that information is (1) embedded mainly in the messages transmitted, and (2) is presented directly. The paper then examines African American culture, Japanese American culture, Chinese American culture, and Korean American culture. It states that to be an interculturally competent communicator requires the effort to become more aware of the nuances of another culture's communication style, and it makes three recommendations for silence and intercultural communication competence. (Contains 20 references.) (NKA)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A