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ERIC Number: ED439355
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-May
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A Study on an Image of the "Ibasyo" or Psychologically Comfortable Space for the Children of Non-Attendant at School through the "Circle Triangle Square" Technique.
Nakamura, Yasuko
This paper discusses the image of the "Ibasyo" or psychologically comfortable space of children not attending school. It suggests that psychological healthiness is dependent upon whether or not an individual has his or her individual space. The images of psychologically comfortable space through the "circle, triangle, and square" technique are presented. The paper describes a study of this technique administered to psycho-neurotic type (PNT) and school truancy type (STT) adolescents. It was found that STT adolescents felt no "Ibasyo" at school. Most of the PNT adolescents relaxed in the home but did not want to spend time alone. The PNT adolescents tended to have self-consciousness which sometimes became too much to cope with others, while the STT adolescents had poor self-consciousness so that when asked by others to do things they knew to be wrong, they could not refuse. These findings are consistent with Kitayama (1993): the "I" can be interchangeably used for "Ibasyo." The paper suggests art therapy is helpful for these adolescents along with drawing of the circle or square on a piece of paper to help them feel their comfortable space. (JDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan