ERIC Number: ED439335
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-May
Cross-Cultural Caring: Global Solutions for Empowering Females.
Bartholomew, Cheryl; Costello, Jeanne
Worldwide restricted roles based on gender and imposed by culture diminish girls' self-esteem, undermine their ambition, and limit their potential. Girls and young women move towards adulthood in social systems that negatively affect them educationally, psychologically, and physically. This paper describes "Horizons: 2000," a unique developmental program which is designed to specifically address the concerns of females today. It describes the curriculum as an educational program that focuses on enhancing females' self esteem, exploring attitudes toward women's roles in society, recognizing and confronting limitations caused by stereotypes, and exploring non-traditional career and lifeplanning choices and consequences. The developmental framework of the Horizons: 2000 curriculum is based on the career development theory of Ginzberg, Ginzberg, Axelrod, and Herma (1951) which recognized the link between vocational choices and adolescent development. The paper concludes that girls of all ages and from diverse backgrounds need programs like this to develop their self-esteem and self-confidence in order to confront and change negative cultural practices. It notes the need for educators and counselors to promote gender-equity and educational funding to implement gender-fair programs to challenge stereotypic messages girls worldwide are receiving. (Contains 14 references.) (JDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Caring in an Age of Technology. Proceedings of the International Conference on Counseling in the 21st Century (6th, Beijing, China, May 29-30, 1997); see CG 029 879.