ERIC Number: ED439298
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Feb
Intergovernmental Relations in Employment Policy: The United States Experience. Upjohn Institute Staff Working Paper.
O'Leary, Christopher J.; Straits, Robert A.
Policies to regulate and support labor markets in the United States have mainly been an initiative of the federal government. Historically, states and localities were reluctant to act independently to build up worker rights and protections for fear of competitively disadvantaging resident industries with added costs. Federal constitutional authority to raise revenue and control commerce among the states governed development of labor market policy in the United States. Labor market support initiatives usually have been forged in difficult economic times with contributions and compromise from the full political spectrum. Employment policy in the 20th century has included the interplay of federal, state, and local partners to create unemployment insurance, training, youth programs, and employment services. Government policy influences the geographic mobility of labor, while intergovernmental relations in labor market policy have resulted in a system that performs a wide variety of functions, varies greatly at the local and state levels, but maintains important federal standards nationwide. (Contains 73 references and 7 tables.) (Author/KC)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adults, Employment Opportunities, Federal Programs, Job Training, Labor Force Development, Labor Legislation, Labor Market, Labor Needs, Labor Utilization, Policy Formation, Public Policy, Unemployment, Unemployment Insurance
W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 300 South Westnedge Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49007. Tel: 616-343-4330; Fax: 616-343-7310; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.upjohninst.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Upjohn (W.E.) Inst. for Employment Research, Kalamazoo, MI.
Note: Paper prepared for the Institute of Intergovernmental Relations, Queens University, Kingston, Ontario with contributions by Keven Hollenbeck. Cover title slightly varies from title page.