ERIC Number: ED439255
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Feb-15
Reference Count: N/A
National Service Programs: Two AmeriCorps Programs' Funding and Benefits. Report to Congressional Requesters.
Bovbjerg, Barbara D.
This report analyzes four programs administered by the Corporation for National Service (CNS): AmeriCorps*National Civilian Community Corps (NCCC), AmeriCorps*State/National, AmeriCorps*VISTA, and AmeriCorps*Education Awards. AmeriCorps allows participants to earn education awards to help pay for their postsecondary education in exchange for performing community service. Because of continuing concern about the average annual cost per AmeriCorps participant, this report identified and compared these per participant costs with costs from other similar organizations providing community service. The study: (1) reviewed costs for AmeriCorps participants in AmeriCorps*State/National and NCCC, and who bears those costs; (2) compared cost data for NCCC with similar data from the Department of Labor's Job Corps Civilian Conservation Centers and explained reasons for any major differences; (3) compared AmeriCorps participant benefits with those afforded entry-level military personnel; and (4) described information available on the results of AmeriCorps programs. This report provides cost and other data for the 1998-1999 program year, including information on overhead expenses, education awards, and child care benefits. The budgeted participant costs of Job Corps Civilian Conservation Centers are higher than those of NCCC. Benefits provided to entry-level military personnel exceed benefits that AmeriCorps participants receive, partly because of greater risks and responsibilities associated with military service. CNS reports these program results: amount of services performed by AmeriCorps participants and general participant data regarding enrollment, service completion, and attrition. These data do not measure AmeriCorps programs' progress toward the strategic goals of strengthening communities and improving participants' lives. The report suggests that CNS should establish performance indicators that focus on program results or outcomes. (Appendixes include scope and methodology and CNS comments.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Citizen Participation, Community Involvement, Community Services, Federal Aid, Federal Programs, Postsecondary Education, Public Service, School Community Relationship, Service Learning, State Programs, Student Financial Aid
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy, free; additional copies, $2.00 each; 100 or more, 25% discount). Web site: http://www.gao.gov.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.