ERIC Number: ED439214
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Ending Social Promotion: Results from the First Two Years. Charting Reform in Chicago Series 1.
Roderick, Melissa; Bryk, Anthony S.; Jacob, Brian A.; Easton, John Q.; Allensworth, Elaine
In 1996, the Chicago Public Schools (CPS) began an initiative aimed at ending social promotion and raising achievement. The centerpiece of the initiative is a set of test-score cutoffs for third, sixth, and eighth graders, who must achieve a minimum score on standardized reading and mathematics tests to be promoted to the next grade. Students who do not meet the criteria are required to attend a special summer school program, Summer Bridge. Those who fail again are retained in their grade or, if they are 15, are sent to new alternative schools called Transition Centers. This report describes results from the first 2 years of the initiative and identifies many important issues that merit further study. Compared are the performance of students subject to the policy in 1997 and 1998 with that of a previous group of CPS students not subject to the criteria. There have been impressive increases in the number of students who meet the minimum test score cutoffs for promotion. The performance of students with low skills shows the greatest improvement, but the picture is mixed on whether getting students up to a test-score cutoff in one year allows them to do better the next year. Large test score increases in Summer Bridge were not followed by improved performance the next year. Results from the first group of retained students are also not encouraging. Chicago has not solved the problem of poor performance among those who did not meet the minimum score cutoffs. Research steps to examine the effects of the program further are outlined. An appendix contains some detailed test results for first-time test takers. (Contains 25 figures, 38 endnotes, and 26 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cutting Scores, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Tests, Nontraditional Education, Reading Tests, Social Promotion, Standardized Tests, Summer Programs, Test Use, Urban Schools
Consortium on Chicago School Research, 1313 E. 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637 ($10). Tel: 773-702-3364; Fax: 773-702-2010; Web site: http://www.consortium-chicago.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Consortium on Chicago School Research, IL.