ERIC Number: ED439212
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Mar
Child Care Arrangements for Children under Five: Variation across States. No. B-7. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.
Capizzano, Jeffrey; Adams, Gina; Sonenstein, Freya
As part of the Assessing the New Federalism project, this study provides information on the primary child care arrangements used by children younger than 5 years with employed mothers, both nationally and across a number of states. Data are from the 1997 National Survey of America's Families, which oversampled low-income households. While parents work, a large proportion of preschool children, regardless of age or income, are regularly cared for by individuals other than their parents. This is true nationally and for each of the 12 states studied, a finding that emphasizes the importance of child care in the lives of U.S. families. The availability of state-specific child care data illuminates large differences in child care experiences across the states. Infants and toddlers are more likely to be cared for in less formal child care arrangements (such as relatives), and 3- and 4-year-olds are more likely to be cared for in center-based care, but there are clear exceptions. No single finding explains variations in state patterns of child care. Findings highlight the importance of continuing to explore state differences in child care and the challenges faced by policymakers working to develop child care policies. (SLD)
Descriptors: Child Caregivers, Day Care, Employed Parents, Mothers, National Surveys, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, State Surveys
The Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-261-5687; Web site: http://www.urban.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY. Education and Research Div.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.; Fund for New Jersey, East Orange.; Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Note: Additional support provided by the Stuart Foundation. For other reports on child care for children under five, see UD 033 433-434.