ERIC Number: ED439211
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Mar
The Hours That Children under Five Spend in Child Care: Variation across the States. No. B-8. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.
Adams, Gina; Capizzano, Jeffrey
As part of the Assessing the New Federalism Project, this study examines the number of hours preschool children with employed mothers spent in child care in 1997, how the number of hours in child care varied across selected states, and how the amount of time in care differed across the states for children of different ages and income groups. Data are from the National Survey of America's Families, a survey of 44,461 households representative of the United States as a whole and 12 selected states. Findings show that child care plays an important role in the lives of many U.S. families. Despite enormous variation across the 12 states examined, a sizable proportion of preschool children with employed mothers are in care for a significant number of hours each week, regardless of state of residence, age, or family income. A second finding is that while national patterns hold across most states, it is clear that policymakers cannot rely on national child care data to capture the patterns in individual states. Every national pattern was contradicted by at least one state. The findings highlight the complexities facing policymakers as they work to develop policies to support the child care choices of families. (SLD)
Descriptors: Child Caregivers, Day Care, Employed Parents, Mothers, National Surveys, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, State Surveys
The Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-261-5687; Web site: http://www.urban.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY. Education and Research Div.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.; Fund for New Jersey, East Orange.; Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Note: Additional support provided by the Stuart Foundation. For other reports on child care for children under five, see UD 033 433 and UD 033 435.