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ERIC Number: ED439210
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Mar
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
The Number of Child Care Arrangements Used by Children under Five: Variation across the States. No. B-12. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.
Capizzano, Jeffrey; Adams, Gina
As part of the Assessing the New Federalism project, this study investigated the number of child care arrangements that employed mothers with children under 5 years old. The study began by examining national and state estimates of the number of arrangements used by these children, focusing on how these patterns differ for children of different ages. Then, the types of child care arrangements that are combined when parents use multiple arrangements were studied. Data are from the 1997 National Survey of America's Families, a survey of 44,461 that oversampled families with income below 200% of the federal poverty level and collected information on a nationally representative sample of children and children in 12 states. Across the county, almost 2 in 5 children under 5 years with employed mothers are in 2 or more nonparental child care arrangements each week. The percentage of children in multiple arrangements varies somewhat by state, but there is relatively little variation from the national average. Younger children across the United States are less often in multiple child care arrangements than 3- and 4-year-olds, who are more likely to be in three or more arrangements. However, low-income children are no more likely to be in multiple child care arrangements than those from higher-income families. It is important to note that while the use of multiple arrangements is widespread, it is not clear whether it has a detrimental impact on parents or children. (SLD)
The Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-261-5687; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY. Education and Research Div.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.; Fund for New Jersey, East Orange.; Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Note: Additional support provided by the Stuart Foundation. For other reports on child care for children under five, see UD 033 434-435.