ERIC Number: ED439201
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Child Care Assistance under Welfare Reform: Early Responses by the States. Occasional Paper Number 15. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.
Long, Sharon K.; Kirby, Gretchen G.; Kurka, Robin; Waters, Shelley
As part of the Assessing the New Federalism project, this report describes the child care assistance system in place just before the implementation of the Personal Responsibility and Work opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) and provides some early indications of how states will use the increased freedom of the Child Care and Development Grant to develop new systems of assistance. The report begins with an overview of changes in the federal child care programs under PRWORA and the implications of these changes for the states. It then outlines the opportunities for states to improve the administration of child care assistance, the choices that states now have in program design, and the interaction and possibilities for collaboration between child care and early childhood education assistance programs. In spite of the increased investment in child care under the PRWORA, there is a great deal of uncertainty among state officials about the long-run adequacy of federal and state funding levels. Most of the 13 states studied have made relatively few changes in their child care programs. The exception is Wisconsin, which has established a universal child care program that serves all eligible families seeking assistance. The challenge in each of the states is to provide enough child care to meet the demands of welfare reform while continuing to serve nonwelfare working poor families. In contrast to the limited changes to program design, the study states have made more significant changes in the administration of child care assistance. (Contains 6 tables and 24 endnotes.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, New Brunswick, NJ.; Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Health Research and Educational Fund of New Jersey, Princeton, NJ.; Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY. Education and Research Div.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act