ERIC Number: ED439198
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000
Cooperation, Conflict Resolution, and School Violence: A Systems Approach. Choices Briefs Number 5.
Coleman, Peter T.; Deutsch, Morton
This brief presents the assumptions underlying the approach taken by the International Center for Cooperation and Conflict Resolution, Teachers College, Columbia University, in creating a nonviolent school. It also provides specific program components that schools can implement. The approach is based on the recognition that violence is a function of the interplay between personal and social factors, and that conflict is a naturally occurring phenomenon with both constructive and destructive potential. A systemic approach toward conflict resolution can facilitate a change in the competitive culture of schools. Approaching schools from a systems perspective can facilitate change in the culture of school systems at disciplinary, curricular, pedagogical, and cultural levels. Peer-mediation training is a cornerstone of the student discipline system approach, as conflict resolution training is an essential part of the curriculum. Teaching strategies of cooperative learning and academic controversy can help students practice conflict resolution skills. Training in cooperation and conflict resolution that focuses on children ignores the reality that most adults working in school systems have had little preparation, training, or encouragement to work collaboratively themselves or to manage their own conflicts constructively. Teachers, parents, caregivers, and other community members with whom students interact should also receive training in cooperation and conflict resolution. (Contains 23 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Metropolitan Life Foundation.
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Inst. for Urban and Minority Education.