ERIC Number: ED439182
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Pulling Apart: A State-by-State Analysis of Income Trends.
Bernstein, Jared; McNichol, Elizabeth C.; Mishel, Lawrence; Zahradnik, Robert
This report examines trends in income distribution from the late 1970s to the late 1990s in the 50 states. It is based on before-tax income for families from the Census Bureau's March Current Population Survey public use files. All figures are expressed in 1997 dollars and adjusted for inflation. The paper examines the long term trend from the late 1970s to the late 1990s; the recent trend from the late 1980s to the late 1990s; and causes and cures (state policy options). It finds that in most states, the gap between the highest-income families and middle-class and poor families has grown substantially. It also finds that even the economic expansion of the past several years has not altered the long-term trend. Rather, an analysis of changes in income inequality since the late 1980s shows that in two-thirds of states, the gap between high-income and low-income families continued growing over the past decade. Moreover, the gap between high-income and middle class families increased since the late 1980s in about three-quarters of the states. Reasons for the rising inequality include growth in wage inequality, increases in the number of families headed by single persons, and government policies. (SM)
Descriptors: Federal Government, Low Income, Lower Class, Middle Class, Poverty, Public Policy, State Government, Taxes, Upper Class, Wages
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, 820 First Street, N.E., Suite 510, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 202-408-1080; Web site: http://www.CenterOnBudget.org. For full text: http://www.cbpp.org/1-18-00sfp.htm.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.
Authoring Institution: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, Washington, DC.; Economic Policy Inst., Washington, DC.