ERIC Number: ED439168
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
CHIP: A Look at Emerging State Programs. New Federalism: Issues and Options for States. Series A, No. A-35. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.
Ullman, Frank; Hill, Ian; Almeida, Ruth
This brief provides a snapshot of the types and scale of expansions that states have adopted in the early implementation phase of the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), a program to expand health coverage for low-income children up to age 19. In addition, the brief examines how coverage expansions vary in relation to state characteristics. Since the enactment of CHIP, nearly every state has taken advantage of optional authority to provide expanded health care coverage to children in low-income families. States with the lowest level of coverage prior to CHIP have expanded income eligibility the most during the 2 years of CHIP implementation, and states with the largest percentages of low-income uninsured children have increased their income eligibility thresholds to a greater degree than states with smaller percentages of uninsured children. States with higher per capita income have raised eligibility thresholds more than states with lower per capita income, and states that experienced the greatest increases in federal matching rates had the largest eligibility expansion. States in the Northeast have increased thresholds to a greater extent than states in other regions of the country. It remains difficult to predict how changes in income eligibility thresholds will affect insurance rates among children; this analysis will be the focus of later research. (SLD)
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Children, Eligibility, Health Insurance, Health Services, Low Income Groups, Poverty, Program Implementation, State Programs
Urban Institute, 2100 M St., N.W., Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-833-7000; Fax: 202-429-0687; Web site: http://www.urban.org. For full text: http://newfederalism.urban.org/html/ant a35.html.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Fund for New Jersey, East Orange.; Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Bros. Fund, New York, NY.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Childrens Health Insurance Program