ERIC Number: ED439151
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999
High Stakes: Testing for Tracking, Promotion, and Graduation.
Heubert, Jay P., Ed.; Hauser, Robert M., Ed.
This study looks at how testing affects critical decisions for U.S. students, focusing on the impact of testing on individual students. It examines common misuses of tests, their political and social contexts, what happens when test issues are taken to court, special student populations, social promotion, and other issues of current interest. The Committee on Appropriate Test Use of the Board on Testing and Assessment of the National Research Council adopted three principal criteria for determining whether test use is appropriate. Measurement validity, attribution of cause, and effectiveness of treatment are the criteria on which the basic principles of appropriate test use lie. The chapters of this report are: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Assessment Policy and Politics"; (3) "Legal Frameworks"; (4) "Tests as Measurement"; (5) "Tracking"; (6) "Promotion and Retention"; (7) "Awarding or Withholding High School Diplomas"; (8) "Students with Disabilities"; (9) "English-Language Learners"; (10) "Use of Voluntary National Test Scores for Tracking, Promotion, or Graduation Decisions"; (11) "Potential Strategies for Promoting Appropriate Test Use"; and (12) "Findings and Recommendations." Each chapter contains references. (SLD)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Decision Making, Elementary Secondary Education, High Stakes Tests, National Competency Tests, Political Influences, Social Influences, Standardized Tests, Student Evaluation, Test Use, Validity
National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20418 ($39.95 plus $4.50 for first copy, $0.95 for each additional copy). Tel: 888-624-8442 (Toll Free); Tel: 202-334-3313; Fax: 202-334-2451. For full text: http://www.nap.edu.
Publication Type: Books; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.