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ERIC Number: ED439140
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr-19
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Relationship between Accountability, Measurement Scale, and Grade Inflation in School Quality Review Ratings.
Tobias, Robert; Miller, Ron
The New York City Board of Education has implemented a school quality review system called Performance Assessment in Schools Systemwide: Essential Elements of Exemplary Schools (PASS). The PASS process provides a set of standards of exemplary educational practice and a model for assessing schools in relation to these standards. The process is designed to help school teams plan school improvement and raise student achievement levels. PASS possesses many of the characteristics of a student performance assessment in that it is an open, holistic, process-oriented assessment. This study highlights the development of PASS over the last 3 years, delineates the current model, and describes variations in its implementation. The study further examines threats to the reliability of the ratings that arise when PASS is used for individual personnel appraisals or as a result of the dual role that visiting reviewers play as change agents and external inspectors. Expanding the rating scale appears to have countered the tendency for grade inflation, but the reliability of scores is still threatened by inadequate training and inexperience of review team members and continued apprehension about the underlying purpose of the review process. These issues will be addressed in the continuing development of the PASS system. An appendix compares ratings of the PASS review from two different sets of evaluators. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A