ERIC Number: ED439136
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
What Jobs Require: Literacy, Education, and Training, 1940-2006. Policy Information Report.
Barton, Paul E.
This report assembles the best information available on past and future trends in employment and the education requirements of jobs in the post-World War II period, focusing on data for 1986 and 1996 and projections to 2006. The report's first section explains what is known from the 1992 National Adult Literacy Study, which measured prose, document, and quantitative literacy of more than 26,000 adults. The discussion of the literacy levels in terms of real-life situations is background for the second section, "Literacy and Occupations." This section presents employment trends in terms of the literacy requirements of jobs and examines the most rapidly growing and declining occupations, the occupations with the highest and lowest literacy requirements, and the average for all employment for those years. Information is gathered from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the National Adult Literacy Study, and the Position Analysis Questionnaire, a job analysis program that has been applied to 2,200 jobs. The third section discusses employment and training requirements of occupations. The fourth section traces trends from World War II to the present, and the fifth section explains what the analysis means in the broad context of the operations of the labor market. The final section, "The Bottom Line," shows the long-term bias toward higher literacy requirements. Appendix A shows prose, document, and quantitative literacy for 1986, 1996, and projections for 2006. Appendix B discusses the methodology of the analysis. (SLD)
Descriptors: Adults, Basic Skills, Census Figures, Educational Attainment, Educational Trends, Employment Patterns, Employment Qualifications, Job Analysis, Job Skills, Literacy, National Surveys, Tables (Data), Training, Trend Analysis
Policy Information Center, Mail Stop 04-R, Educational Testing Service, Rosedale Road, Princeton, NJ 08541-0001 ($10.50 prepaid). Tel: 609-734-5694 ($10.50, prepaid); e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.ets.org/research/pic.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ. Policy Information Center.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Adult Literacy Survey (NCES)