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ERIC Number: ED439016
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Dec
Pages: 86
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Communication in Mathematics.
Huggins, Ben; Maiste, Tim
This report describes a program for improving students' oral and written communication in mathematics. The target population consisted of third and fourth grade classes in a suburban, middle class community located in a large Midwestern state. The current lack of communication was demonstrated by the results of class surveys, student interviews, and teacher made tests. Analysis of national probable cause data indicated that communication in mathematics, with the exception of signs and symbols, has been clearly neglected. Discussion with faculty revealed that there is also widespread concern on the local level. Student surveys showed that students have not been given many experiences in oral and written communication in mathematics. Review of current curricular focus in the area of mathematics shows that communication is emphasized much less than computation. A review of solution strategies suggested by knowledgeable others, combined with an analysis of the problem setting, resulted in the selection and implementation of several intervention strategies. These strategies included the use of student math journals, cooperative groups, real life problem solving, and an increased emphasis on mathematical vocabulary. Post intervention data indicated an increase in the students' oral and written mathematical communication skills. Both the third and the fourth grade classes involved showed some improvement in their abilities to communicate mathematically. While the success of the third grade class was limited to more lower level communication skills, such as explaining what their answer is, the fourth grade class improved in all areas. This includes some of the higher-level communication skills, such as explaining how they got their answers and why they solved a problem the way they did. These improvements are documented and analyzed in this report. (Contains 39 references.) (Author/ASK)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A