ERIC Number: ED438988
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Young Agricultural Workers in California.
Arroyo, Michele Gonzalez; Kurre, Laura
This report examines the extent to which young people work in California agriculture and describes work-related hazards and injuries among young agricultural workers. Data were gathered through a literature review; discussion groups with parents, community groups, and English-as-a-second-language students in the San Joaquin Valley; surveys of 295 high school students in 4 central California counties; and interviews with 23 farm employers. Findings indicate that current employment data do not accurately reflect the situation in many San Joaquin Valley communities. National studies of childhood agricultural injury and illness cannot be generalized to California because of unique aspects of the state's agricultural industry. Research is especially lacking on sexual harassment and other forms of workplace discrimination faced by young farmworkers. Agriculture is a major source of youth employment in California. Agriculture is also a dangerous occupation, with high rates of fatal and nonfatal injuries for all workers and young workers. Nevertheless, farm labor contractors often do not know or obey child labor regulations. Occupational risks and poor working conditions include working in the sun, exposure to pesticides, hazardous machinery, lack of clean bathrooms and drinking water, and transportation hazards. Participants were unanimous that agricultural health and safety should be part of the school curriculum. Recommendations are offered to employers, schools, parents, community organizations, researchers, and government agencies. Appendices include an outline of California child labor laws and a fact sheet for teen agricultural laborers in English and Spanish. (Contains 46 references.) (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: California Univ., Oakland. Div. of Agriculture and Natural Resources.; California Wellness Foundation.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley. School of Public Health.
Identifiers - Location: California