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ERIC Number: ED438982
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Jan
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Validity and Reliability of the Outdoor Education Practicum Questionnaire.
Quinn, Thomas James
An instrument was developed to measure perceived levels of anxiety of students enrolled in a resident outdoor adventure education course, and to confirm four underlying factors that contribute to anxiety in such settings. These factors are level of control, program inadequacies, personal inadequacies, and level of comfort. A 53-item Outdoor Education Practicum (OEP) questionnaire that employed the certainty method of scaling was field tested with 440 students from the State University of New York College at Cortland enrolled in the physical education teaching certification program and the recreation program. The instrument was determined to be sufficiently reliable by applying Cronbach's alpha, an internal consistency technique, to the pretest data, and by employing an identical procedure with the field test data. The validity of the OEP questionnaire was established by surveying the literature, questioning students similar to those used in the study, and exposing the questionnaire to a panel of experts. Analysis of the parameter and overall estimates supported the proposed four-factor model. However, the model fit the data only moderately. High correlations between the latent variables, moderate factor loadings, and relatively high error estimates indicate that the variance in the data may be explained better by a different model. Studies that involve triangulation techniques of self-reported measures, observations by trained researchers, and physiological measures would contribute greatly to understanding anxiety in adventure education programs. (Contains 29 references.) (TD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A