ERIC Number: ED438980
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Jan
Factors Affecting the Personal and Social Outcomes of Organized Camping.
A study examined features of camps and camp staff that might affect the personal and social benefits of organized camping for children. Questionnaires were completed by 29 camp directors and 270 campers aged 8-14 from 33 residential camps across the United States. Results indicate that higher personal and social outcomes were associated with lower-priced camps, significantly increased social scores were associated with accredited camps and general camps, and the occurrence of unusual incidents was associated with increased personal outcomes. Coed sports had a negative affect on personal and social outcomes. Directors with bachelors degrees showed higher social outcomes in their campers than directors with graduate degrees, and the director's undergraduate and graduate majors both significantly affected personal means of the campers, with majors in recreation and physical education being associated with higher personal outcomes, compared to a degree in education or an unrelated field. Among the campers, girls had significantly higher personal and social outcomes than boys, experienced campers had higher personal outcomes than those who had never attended camp before, and campers surveyed at camp had higher social outcomes than those who were surveyed 6 months after returning home. Suggestions for further research include determining if the negative effect of mixing sexes continues through a wider age span, and whether competition is having negative effects on children. (Contains 24 references.) (TD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: In: Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Research Symposium Proceedings (4th, Bradford Woods, IN, January 9-11, 1998); see RC 022 283.