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ERIC Number: ED438937
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Feb
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Spatial Ability and Mathematical Performance: Gender Differences in an Elementary School.
Seng, SeokHoon; Chan, Betty
This study investigated the nature of spatial ability, as measured by four instruments based on spatial orientation and visualization, and its relationship to the mathematical performance of elementary school pupils. Participating in the study were 127 elementary school students, 72 boys and 55 girls, ages 10 to 11 years. Spatial ability was measured by the Spatial Relations-Orientation Test and the Spatial Visualization Test, each having two- and three-dimensional aspects. Mathematics performance was assessed by the Comprehensive Test of Basic Skills, and included mathematical computation, concepts, and application. The findings of a factor analysis on the Spatial Relations-Orientation Test and the Spatial Visualization Test indicated that spatial ability was best defined by a unitary factor. Boys did not perform significantly better than the girls on the four individual spatial tasks. There was a significant positive relationship between spatial ability and mathematical performance. The spatial factor score was a significant predictor of mathematics performance. There were no significant gender-related differences in the relationship between spatial ability and mathematical performance. (Contains 21 references.) (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A