ERIC Number: ED438890
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Importance of Context and Social Support in Moderating Depression in Mothers of Young Infants. Michigan Family Study.
Follett, Chantal; Dayton, Carolyn; Simonds, Julia; Rosenblum, Katherine
Researchers have hypothesized that the impact of environmental risk on infants and young children may be mediated by the impact of environmental risk on mothers. Epidemiological surveys have found high-risk environments to be associated with depression in adults. Further clarification about the factors which may exacerbate or alleviate the impact of environmental risk on maternal mental health is needed. This analysis was designed to investigate the effects of multiple environmental risks and social support on maternal depression. Mothers of young infants (N=124) were recruited during well-baby visits at pediatric clinics and are participating in a longitudinal study of parenting and infant development. When the infants were 7 months of age, mothers completed demographic and self-report questionnaires, including measures of depression and social support. An environmental risk score was computed for each mother based on demographic factors and life events. Findings indicated that maternal depression was positively correlated with environmental risk score. The impact of social support on the relation between environmental risk and depression was also examined. These findings indicated that mothers' perceived need for social support had an additive effect on depression when combined with environmental risk, resulting in elevated levels of depression. Environmental risk approached significance as a moderator of satisfaction with social support and depression for mothers who reported fewer environmental risks. (Author/EV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A