ERIC Number: ED438646
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Reference Count: N/A
Assisting People with Mental Illnesses in the Pursuit of Employment.
Riemer-Reiss, Marti L.
This paper reviews the literature concerned with vocational placement and rehabilitation for individuals with severe mental disorders (SMD), and offers recommendations for rehabilitation counselors. It notes that about 85 percent of this population is unemployed, and the rate of job placement for people with SMD is about half that of other people with disabilities. The paper identifies barriers to job placement and rehabilitation counseling including societal discrimination, lack of marketable skills, and negative social skills. Strategies to combat these barriers are described, such as vocational counseling, disclosure counseling, marketing, self-advocacy promotion, skills training, and supported employment. Additionally, the use of reasonable accommodations for individuals with SMD are suggested, such as substitute workers, shortened work schedules, and shared jobs. A supported employment design is proposed which uses an integrated service approach combining both vocational and mental health services to address such on-the-job problems as forming and maintaining relationships, giving and receiving feedback, responding to social cues, and integrating work maintenance skills. (Contains 29 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Counselors; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A