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ERIC Number: ED438602
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Femininity/Masculinity: Hegemonic Normalizations in the Public School Superintendency.
Skrla, Linda
This paper examines why the training, certification, selection, and promotion of educational administrators ensures both the continuation of white-male dominance and of leaders oriented toward bureaucratic maintenance. The report draws on a poststructural conceptualization of power--the deployment of power through normalization--to provide an alternative perspective on research about women superintendents, one that has begun to accumulate over the past decade. The text focuses on how normalization of the superintendency, which began after World War II, has lead to productive effects of power. This normalization created the desires, behaviors, rules, and practices of societal institutions such as schools. The paper describes the underlying normalization that structures the discourses and practices of educational administration, and how these normalizations operate reciprocally at both individual and group levels. It discusses how the normalization of femininity/masculinity perpetuated male dominance in the superintendency, and how the superintendency became defined at the organizational level of schooling as a masculine role. It reframes the findings of several recent research studies on the superintendency, highlighting such issues as the lack of discussion by female school administrators concerning gender roles in their work, the conception that women lack ambition to rise to the superintendency, and the roles of leadership styles and power. (Contains 38 references.) (RJM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A