ERIC Number: ED438487
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
The Factors Affecting the Career Choices of African Americans and Three Career Counseling Suggestions.
Harrington, Susan G.
This paper identifies and explores three major factors that affect the career choices of African Americans. First, the future of the American employment market is strongly based in technology, yet approximately two-thirds of the African American population reported their level of education at high school completion and lower. Second, African Americans have remained in careers (education, social work, medicine, law, government, mortuary science, and religion) that directly service their community. These "protected" careers have supported the cultural values of the Afrocentric perspective, which are vital to the maturation of African American youth. Finally, career counselors are encouraged to identify and explore their own prejudicial thinking and discriminatory behaviors as well as offer career guidance to African Americans that incorporates all aspects of the Afrocentric perspective. The identification of these factors is followed with a discussion of the implications of educational level and cultural values for career guidance programs for African Americans. The programs developed to guide African Americans must include techniques that help them advance within the American employment market while taking into consideration the needs of the culture. Counseling approaches that have been found to be effective include methods using social cognitive theory, a reality-behavioral combination theory, and the "I Have a Future" Program that was designed specifically for African American high school students (Contains 16 references.) (GCP)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Counselors; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A