ERIC Number: ED438376
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Feb
Racial and Ethnic Disparities: Key Findings from the National Survey of America's Families. Series B, No. B-5.
Staveteig, Sarah; Wigton, Alyssa
This brief outlines findings from the National Survey of America's Families, a survey of 44,461 households, on 7 indicators of well-being by race and ethnicity: poverty, family structure, child support, food hardship, housing hardship, health status, and health insurance coverage. For the purpose of this brief, all persons of Hispanic origin were grouped into the Hispanic category and non-Hispanics were grouped by racial category, resulting in five racial categories. Survey findings show that 70% of nonelderly persons in the United States are white, with the largest minority group, 13%, being black. The Hispanic population is almost as large as the Black population, representing 12% of the total, and this group is expected to become the largest minority by the year 2005. Asians represent 4% of the total, and Native Americans, 1%. Analysis of well-being by race and ethnicity confirms that economic and social disparities exist both within and across all racial and ethnic groups in the United States. Differences across groups remain even when looking separately at low- and higher- income families. Some differences are attributable to the fact that, within these income groupings, Blacks, Hispanics, and Native Americans have a lower average income than Whites and Asians. Still, regardless of income, race and ethnicity are strongly correlated with well-being in the United States. Policies designed to improve well-being must take into account variations among problems faced by ethnic groups. (SLD)
Descriptors: Asian Americans, Blacks, Child Support, Economic Factors, Ethnic Groups, Health, Hispanic Americans, Minority Groups, National Surveys, Poverty, Racial Differences, Socioeconomic Status, Whites
The Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W. Washington D.C. 20037. Tel: 202-261-5687; Fax: 202-429-0687; email: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.urban.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.; Fund for New Jersey, East Orange.; Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Oklahoma Univ., Norman. Research Council.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Note: Also sponsored by the Stuart Foundation. Part of the Urban Institute's "Assessing the New Federalism" project, a multi-year project to monitor and assess the devolution of social programs from the federal to the state and local levels.