ERIC Number: ED438359
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Jul
Improving School-Community Connections: Moving toward a System of Community Schools.
Bryk, Anthony S.; Hill, Paul; Shipps, Dorothy
This paper helps community partners envision a system of community schools and understand the changes needed to make it a reality. Information in the paper is adapted from a study by the Consortium on Chicago School Research at the University of Chicago and the Center for Reinventing Public Education at the University of Washington. The study examined efforts to decentralize school systems in six major cities nationwide. Part 1 of this paper describes the basis for recent education reforms aimed at decentralizing authority and strengthening school and community connections. It also explains the contexts that shape community-linked school systems. Part 2 presents important features shared by various models for increasing school-level autonomy and school-community linkages. It describes the early experiences of six cities that adopted decentralized school systems. Part 3 shares lessons learned about the scope, depth, and characteristics of school reforms that build school-level responsibility for education. It also presents strategies for connecting schools with parents and communities and describes conflicts that can surface during efforts to create community schools. Part 4 explores challenges and implications for moving from an understanding of community schools to action. Part 5 identifies sources of more information. Contains 11 references. (SM)
Descriptors: Accountability, Administrator Role, Change Strategies, Community Schools, Decentralization, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Parent School Relationship, Parents, Partnerships in Education, Principals, School Community Relationship, Teacher Role, Teachers
Annie E. Casey Foundation, 701 St. Paul Street, Baltimore, MD 21202 (free) Tel: 410-223-2890 or 410-547-6600; Fax: 410-547-6624. For full text: http://www.aecf.org.
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Community; Policymakers
Authoring Institution: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Written in association with Michael J. Murphy, David Menefee-Libey, and Albert L. Bennett. Paper is drawn from or based on "Decentralization in Practice: Toward a System of Schools, A Final Report to the Annie E. Casey Foundation.