ERIC Number: ED438354
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
The Youth Gangs, Drugs, and Violence Connection. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.
Howell, James C.; Decker, Scott H.
This bulletin addresses questions about the interrelatedness of youth gangs, drugs, and violent crime, discussing whether drug trafficking is a main cause of violence in youth gangs or only a correlate, and noting whether there are other important sources of gang violence. Section 1 presents a historical overview of gang drug use and trafficking, noting the growing involvement of youth gang members in drugs and violent crime. Section 2 examines the current image of youth gangs, discussing the differences between street gangs and drug gangs and examining the connection between youth gangs and adult criminal organizations. Section 3 looks at studies of the relationship between youth gangs, drugs, and violence. This section reviews other important sources of violence in the gang context, focusing on two sources: youth gang homicide and drug trafficking (including the role of firearms in gang violence) and the causes and correlates of youth gang violence. Long-term studies of adolescent samples are examined. After summarizing research findings, the bulletin presents policy and program implications, focusing on ways to break the cycle. (Contains 145 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.