ERIC Number: ED438353
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Morphology of School Violence.
This paper discusses school violence, examining pertinent research, media, and policy documents. Section 1 examines the evolution of terminologies related to youth violence. Section 2 explains that when reviewing researchers' conclusions on school violence, it is important to consider the role perception had in determining those views. Section 3 examines the evolution of strategies for handling school violence. Between the mid-1970s and early 1990s, the problem of student misbehavior evolved from addressing discipline to emphasizing violence prevention. Researchers began to see violence as an outcome of disruptive behavior that had been ignored or attributed to inappropriate causes. Some believed that the swiftness and certainty of punishment was more influential than its severity. Blaming violence on student problems in need of fixing results in failure to accept an underlying pedagogy within schools based on power, dominance, control, and subservience that fosters the behaviors that educators feel pressured to handle. Research supports the benefit of addressing such issues by emphasizing causes (not symptoms), positive and preventive practices, and decision making that benefits students. However, little progress has been made toward organizing schools for the best interests of students. The paper concludes with a new agenda for addressing school violence. (Contains 65 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Montreal, Quebec, Canada, April 19-23, 1999).