ERIC Number: ED438346
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Jan
Income Inequality among America's Children. New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families, Series B, No. B-6. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.
Acs, Gregory; Gallagher, Megan
This brief examines the disparity in resources available to children in different types of families and different parts of the country, using data from the 1997 National Survey of America's Families (NSAF), which collected data from about 44,000 households in 1997. Economic well-being among children varies substantially, according to the NSAF, both by type of family and by state. The most conspicuous finding is that children in two-parent families have almost three times the resources available to them as do children in one-parent families. There are great differences in median family income by state, with states in the South tending to have lower median family income than states in the Northeast or Midwest. States with lower average incomes available to children naturally tend to have higher child poverty rates, and these are also the states that tend to have the most inequality in child economic well-being. Findings suggest that even these states may have resources that can be brought to bear on the needs of their poorer children. One option might be introducing or increasing an earned income tax credit. (SLD)
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Children, Economic Factors, Income, Low Income Groups, Poverty, Resource Allocation, State Programs, Urban Youth
The Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC 30027. Tel: 877-847-7344 (Toll Free); e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.urban.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.; Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Note: Additional support from the Charles Stewart Mott Foundation, the Stuart Foundation, and the Fund for New Jersey. Part of the Urban Institute's "Assessing the New Federalism" project, a multi-year effort to monitor and assess the devolution of social programs.