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ERIC Number: ED438281
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jun
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The WTO and the Millennium Round: What Is at Stake for Public Education? Common Concerns for Workers in Education and the Public Sector.
Education International, Brussels (Belgium).; Public Services International, Ferney-Voltaire (France).
On the eve of the year 2000, global public spending on education tops one trillion dollars. Against the backdrop of globalization, public education is currently being subjected to attacks by proponents of privatization and deregulation. The process is already underway, as is apparent from an important agreement reached by the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1994, which allowed the liberalization of trade in services. With the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) came open discussions about promoting international trade in education services. There is a risk that the WTO's initiatives will clash with the principles upheld by those who value quality in public education. This publication describes: the expansion of international trade; the GATS; four forms of international trade in education; the WTO and the education market; new trends in education; the effect of international trade on higher education; education in the sights of GATS; New Zealand and the risky gamble of liberalization; the key issue of funding; and what is at stake for public education against the backdrop of globalization in the new millennium. An appendix presents education services in the GATS scheduling guidelines. (SM)
Education International, 5 Boulevard du Roi Albert II, 8th Floor, 1210 Brussels, Belgium. Tel: 32-2-224-0611; Fax: 32-2-224-0606; E-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Education International, Brussels (Belgium).; Public Services International, Ferney-Voltaire (France).
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: General Agreement on Trade in Services