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ERIC Number: ED438264
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Aug
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-1-929800-06-1
State Policy on Professional Development: Rethinking the Linkages to Student Outcomes.
St. John, Edward P.; Ward, James G.; Laine, Sabrina W. M.
As policymakers focus their inquiries into professional education and the training of teachers, a preliminary framework, based on five questions, can guide them. These are: (1) Do state policies on professional development recognize the complexity of improving student outcomes? (2) Are state professional development programs linked to student outcomes in coherent ways? (3) Is there evidence that professional development programs can influence student outcomes? (4) Does the state have a method of accounting for subsidies for professional development? and (5) Does the state have a method of linking the subsidies for professional development and improvements in student outcomes? The paper presents a framework for identifying the linkages between professional development programs and student outcomes. A case study of the professional development of Indiana and Ohio, and how this development compares to other states in the region and to the national average, shows how agencies already make a substantial development through embedded subsidies. The latest wave of reforms, by contrast, have focused on specifically directed subsidies, with relatively little attention being paid to account for these embedded subsidies. Five questions are posed in order to help states that want to develop well-designed statewide professional development programs. (Contains 30 references.) (SM)
North Central Regional Educational Laboratory, 1900 Spring Road, Suite 300, Oak Brook, IL 60523-1480. Tel: 630-571-4700; Tel: 800-356-2735 (Toll Free); e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers
Language: English
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: North Central Regional Educational Lab., Oak Brook, IL.
Identifiers - Location: Indiana; Ohio