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ERIC Number: ED438223
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Nov
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Undergraduate Women's Gender Awareness and Status Aspirations.
Inoue, Yukiko
A study was conducted to determine women's realization toward the quality of life, identifying their status aspirations. The study's primary purpose was to achieve a better understanding of how undergraduate women of Guam and Japan would aspire to their academic and social goals and how they would become aware of their gender equality. The secondary purpose was to achieve an understanding of how the life course selection of undergraduate women would be associated with the realized status aspirations. The focus of the study was on formulating a statistical profile of women of two different settings. Although Guam and Japan are geographically close, the mind set and culture of the people are quite distant. In particular because it is an important military site, Guam has mirrored the U.S. government and institutional models to become Americanized. Even though modern day Japan was founded on a plan developed by the U.S. military, Japanese culture has been strong and venerable. The survey instrument was developed and reviewed to have content validity, and pilot-tested on undergraduate women to ascertain student aspirations and awareness. Subjects, 111 Guamanian university women and 131 Japanese university women, were surveyed. Findings suggest that both groups of women are more likely to go to college soon after finishing high school and to graduate from a university in four years. Both the Guamanian and Japanese women are willing to achieve a sense of self-worth and self-satisfaction through working and earning income and show a similar preference regarding the life course selection, in spite of their different characteristics. However, the findings of this sample also suggest that Japanese professional women perceive higher gender discrimination in promotion and than do Guamanian women. A large number of Guam undergraduate women had part time jobs and many of them had children regardless of their marital status. By contrast, most of the Japanese undergraduate women were full time students and were not married yet. For Guamanian women such actions as getting married in their 20s or 30s and having a child contributed to life course selection, and for Japanese women such actions as having a profitable job and becoming a mentor for the next generation contributed to the selection. Contains 6 tables of data, 42 references, and 3 figures. (BT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Guam; Japan