ERIC Number: ED438117
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
The South's Rural Community Colleges in the New Millennium.
Rosenfeld, Stuart A.
Rural South: Preparing for the Challenges of the 21st Century, n3 Feb 2000
During the second half of the 20th century, two-year colleges in the rural South were transformed from "junior" appendages of other institutions to community colleges that responded to the needs of local workers and businesses. This paper examines how the South's rural community colleges contribute to economic development today and what challenges they face in the near future. Economic development is now accepted as a core mission of community colleges, encompassing such functions as upgrading workplace skills, providing contract courses for industry, and focusing on technology and business development. Certain key features of rural community colleges link them to rural development. Community colleges are more demand driven, more affordable, and more accessible than other institutions of higher education; provide a local repository of knowledge and skills; are freer to adopt explicit economic development goals and tailor programs to regional labor markets; and are egalitarian and open to the entire community. Conditions and trends most likely to influence rural community colleges in the next decade include the increasing impact of information technologies, competition with private-sector education providers, collectivism, globalization, rising academic goals, and changing occupational mix. Recommendations are offered in the areas of articulation with 4-year programs, lifelong learning, learning communities, shift from competencies to problem-solving skills, alliances and collaboration, global outlook, and targeted programs. (Contains 23 references.) (SV)
Descriptors: College Role, Community Colleges, Economic Development, Education Work Relationship, Educational Demand, Educational Trends, Institutional Mission, Labor Force Development, Rural Areas, Rural Development, Rural Schools, Two Year Colleges
Southern Rural Development Center, Box 9656, 410 Bost Extension Building, Mississippi State, MS 39762. Tel: 662-325-3207; Fax: 662-325-8905. For full text: http://www.ext.msstate.edu/srdc/publications/millennium.htm.
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Farm Foundation, Oak Brook, IL.
Authoring Institution: Southern Rural Development Center, Mississippi State, MS.