ERIC Number: ED438109
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Child Labor and Schooling in Ghana. Ghana: Labor Markets and Poverty. Policy Research Working Papers.
Canagarajah, Sudharshan; Coulombe, Harold
This report examines the determinants of child labor in conjunction with school participation trends for children ages 7-14 in Ghana. The report is based on data from national household surveys conducted 1987-92. Specifically, the study examined the influence of variables such as child age and sex; parent's education, religion, and employment; and place of residence (rural or urban) on child labor and participation in school. About 28 percent of children ages 7-14 in Ghana were involved in child labor. Child labor had a direct impact on school participation. During 1992 one of every three girls and one of every three boys did not attend school in urban Ghana, while 37 percent of girls and 28 percent of boys did not attend school in rural areas. However, of the 28 percent of children involved in child labor, more than two-thirds were involved in school. The majority of child labor in Africa, and especially in Ghana, is unpaid work and takes place in family agricultural enterprises. Data indicate that 90 percent of children in Ghana between the ages of 7-14 were involved in household chores. The study did not demonstrate that poverty is the main culprit in child labor; in contrast, poverty did affect the decision to school. The high cost of schooling and the low quality and weak relevance of education have pushed many children into work. Among family characteristics, father's education had a significant negative effect on child labor, particularly for girls. Increasing demand for schooling is an effective way of reducing child labor and ensuring that Ghana's human capital is stabilized. Appendices include definitions and descriptive statistics of variables. (Contains 31 references and 19 data tables and figures.) (LP)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Child Labor, Child Welfare, Children, Economic Factors, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrollment Influences, Family Characteristics, Females, Foreign Countries, Males, National Surveys, Poverty, Rural Areas, Rural Education, Rural Urban Differences, Sex Differences, Urban Areas
World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW, Room J8-272, Washington, DC 20433 (free). For full text: http://www.worldbank.org/research/.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Ghana