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ERIC Number: ED438084
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Dec
Pages: 86
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-1-86003-051-3
Teachers' and Pupils' Days in the Primary Classroom.
McPake, Joanna; Harlen, Wynne; Powney, Janet; Davidson, Julia
This study examined the classroom experiences of teachers and pupils in 12 primary schools in Scotland. In each school, researchers spent a week with one class, observing the teachers and six target pupils selected to represent the ability range within the class. Through interviews with teachers and pupils, the researchers aimed to identify the amount of time both groups spent on various types of activity, and to explore the reasons for particular patterns. Among the findings are the following: (1) the time spent on various curriculum areas diverged considerably from the amount suggested in the 5-14 curriculum guidelines; (2) there was high variation in classroom organization; (3) pupils spent about two-thirds of their time engaged on tasks; (4) target pupils spent about 40 percent of their time in some form of teacher-student interaction and 40 percent in interaction with other pupils; (5) the teacher behaviors most associated with pupil engagement, collaborative learning activities and one-to-one interaction with the teacher, were rarely observed; (6) teachers spent 82 percent of their time in teaching and related activities; and (7) teachers used a variety of teaching strategies, with different strategies predominating with different age groups. Issues that emerged as warranting further investigation included the balance of the curriculum, students' independent work, the implications of a heavy workload, and teachers' and pupils' views on changes in the ways pupils learn as they progress through primary school. (Contains 45 references.) (KB)
Scottish Council for Research in Education, 15 St. John Street, Edinburgh EH8 8JR, Scotland (10 British Pounds Sterling). Tel: 0131-557-2944; Fax: 0131-556-9454; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Scottish Office Education and Industry Dept., Edinburgh.
Authoring Institution: Scottish Council for Research in Education, Edinburgh.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Scotland)