ERIC Number: ED438075
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
International Survey of the Status of Waldorf Schools.
Ogletree, Earl J.
This international survey study was the first to examine the Waldorf School movement worldwide and focused on the teaching practices, curricula, educational outcomes, and positive program features of Waldorf schools, as well as problems encountered by Waldorf staff. The role of Rudolf Steiner's philosophy, anthroposophy, and its esoteric aspects were examined in relation to its teaching processes and its influence on students. Data were collected by means of surveys of 520 Waldorf schools in 31 countries. The response rate was 45 percent. Findings indicated that 57 percent of respondents felt that the goal of Waldorf education was to change society. Seventy-four percent thought that teachers' knowledge and implementation of Steiner's educational ideas and methods were good. Over 80 percent of respondents indicated that their school program included the following practices: balanced school day, a continuous teacher from grades 1 to 8, student-written and illustrated notebooks, meditation/prayer at the beginning of the day, form drawing in grades 1 to 5, and teaching of main lesson. Sixty-three percent described the working climate as democratic, and 67 percent reported that faculty morale was good. Over 80 percent thought that a Waldorf education was compatible with the times. About 90 percent thought a Waldorf education developed free thinking individuals. Seventy percent thought that Waldorf education influenced students to be open to the spiritual world and Anthroposophy. Almost half the schools were founded by parents. Major issues identified as affecting at least 40 percent of the respondents' schools included financial support, school location, and student discipline problems. (Results are summarized and also presented for 19 individual countries or continents. Contains 63 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Educational Environment, Educational Objectives, Educational Practices, Educational Theories, Elementary School Curriculum, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Instructional Effectiveness, Outcomes of Education, Student Evaluation, Surveys, Teachers, Teaching Methods, Waldorf Method
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A