ERIC Number: ED438072
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Dec
Teen Birth Rate. CTS Facts at a Glance.
Moore, Kristin Anderson, Comp.; Papillo, Angela Romano, Comp.; Williams, Stephanie, Comp.; Jager, Justin, Comp.; Jones, Fanette, Comp.
This fact sheet presents several data tables related to teen pregnancy, birth rates, abortion, contraceptive use, and sexually transmitted diseases. The data reveal that during the 1990s, rates of teen childbearing have declined, returning to the levels reached in the mid-1980s. Declines come from a lower proportion of teens having sex and a greater use of contraception, rather than from increased abortions. The decline in the teen birth rate has been largest among younger teens, black teens, and teens who have already had a baby. Specifically, data indicate that since 1991 the birth rate has declined 21 percent among adolescents ages 15-17, compared to 13 percent among older teens ages 18-19. Also, the birth rate per 1,000 females ages 15-19 has declined 26 percent among blacks, compared with 19 percent among non-Hispanic whites and 12 percent among Hispanics. The rate of second births has declined 21 percent among teens who have already had a baby, compared with 10 percent among childless teens. The rate has declined 21 percent among married teens, compared with 6 percent among unmarried teens. Nevertheless, rates among married teens and among teens who have had a first birth are much higher than among other teens. Variation across the states continues to be enormous. Although rates have declined in all states, four still have rates of 70 births or higher per 1,000 females aged 15-19: Arizona, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Texas. (EV)
Descriptors: Abortions, Adolescents, Births to Single Women, Contraception, Early Parenthood, Pregnancy, Sexuality, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Social Indicators, State Norms, Tables (Data), Youth Problems
Child Trends, 4301 Connecticut Ave., N.W., Suite 100, Washington, DC 20008. Tel: 202-362-5580. For full text: http://www.childtrends.org/faag99.cfm.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.
Authoring Institution: Child Trends, Inc., Washington, DC.
Note: For the 1996 report on teen birth rate, see ED 396 055.