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ERIC Number: ED438016
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr-15
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Depression and Friendship Reciprocity: Relation to Congruence in Perception about Positive Friendship Qualities.
Rockhill, Carol M.
Past research has shown that depression is associated with more accurate, and more negative, perceptions of one's own competence and the competence of significant others. This study examined the social perceptions of depressed versus nondepressed children in the context of their self-reported best friendship. Participating in the study were 360 third- through sixth-graders, with 86 children selected as target children based on high or low scores on the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI). Target children were paired with their self-reported best friend to play games. Using the Friendship Qualities Measure, both partners reported on their enjoyment of the game-playing session and on the positive qualities of the "friendship." Findings indicated that reciprocal friendships were rated more positively by both partners than were nonreciprocal friendships. The target child's depression status was not associated with differences in either partner's assessments of positive friendship qualities. When the relationship was not reciprocal, depression buffered the effects of lack of reciprocity on declining ratings of friendship qualities. Depressed children and their partners had better agreement on their ratings of positive qualities in the relationship than did nondepressed children and their partners. (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A