ERIC Number: ED437849
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999
Developing Interactive Group Skills through Cooperative Learning.
Homan, Robert M.; Poel, Christopher Jon
This article proposes several cooperative learning (CL) techniques as a way of increasing the effectiveness of group work in university-level English-as-a Second-Language (ESL) courses. Group work, at its most basic level, can be defined as students working together in a group small enough so that everyone has the opportunity to participate in a task that has been clearly assigned. Groups should be self-directed, as this is necessary for students to achieve their full potential. Group work has been demonstrated to be far less effective than it should be in many cases. The reasons for this include the following: a lack of focus and unclear goals for the group work task; the assignment of tasks that can be done more efficiently by individuals; a lack of clearly defined roles for task group members; and, most importantly, students simply do not know how to work effectively in groups. They stress the importance of teaching students how to be an effective group leader, understanding the importance of being a leader in terms of group dynamics, and how to compromise with one another in order to accomplish the assigned task effectively and efficiently. Contains 13 references and a seven-part appendix with cooperative training exercise worksheets.) (KFT)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Cooperative Learning. JALT Applied Materials; see FL 026 115.