ERIC Number: ED437785
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999
Diet, ADHD & Behavior: A Quarter-Century Review [and] A Parent's Guide to Diet, ADHD & Behavior.
Jacobson, Michael F.; Schardt, David
This report reviews 23 controlled studies of the effect of food dyes and other dietary constituents on the behavior of children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or other behavioral problems. Findings indicate 17 of the 23 studies found evidence that some children's behavior significantly worsens after they consume artificial colors or certain foods such as milk or wheat. Limited research with such tools as electroencephalography indicates that certain foods trigger physiological changes in sensitive individuals. The report includes the following recommendations: (1) the government, private agencies, and health practitioners should acknowledge the potential for diet to affect behavior and advise parents to consider diet modification; (2) parents should consider dietary changes (along with behavioral therapy) as the first course of treatment for children with behavioral problems; (3) the National Institutes of Health should sponsor research to determine which foods and food additives affect behavior, develop methods of identifying sensitive children, and sponsor a conference on diet and ADHD; and (4) the Food and Drug Administration should require certain new and existing additives to be tested. Appendices include further information on sugar and ADHD, diet and behavior, diet and ADHD, and food sensitivity. A guide for parents is included. (Contains 136 references.) (CR)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Attention Deficit Disorders, Behavior Modification, Behavior Problems, Children, Cognitive Processes, Dietetics, Food, Nutrition
Center for Science in the Public Interest, 1875 Connecticut Ave., NW #300, Washington, DC 20009. Tel: 202-332-9110; Fax: 202-265-4954; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.cspinet.org.
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for Science in the Public Interest, Washington, DC.