ERIC Number: ED437734
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998
Perception Is Reality: Perceptions of Employment Characteristics of Women in Administration.
Shepard, I. Sue
Advancing Women in Leadership Journal, v1 n3 Sum 1998
A 1996 follow-up survey to a 1978 study was conducted to determine whether there have been any changes in perceptions regarding the employment characteristics of men and women since that time. The survey included a national sampling of superintendents and school-board presidents. The four sections of the survey were titled: (1) work attitudes and habits; (2) interest and motivation; (3) temperament; and (4) aptitude, knowledge, and skills. The results show that the superintendents and presidents demonstrated a shift in attitude in which the perceived differences between women and men decreased. However, the shift was significant in only 33 statements for superintendents and 32 statements for school-board presidents of the 68 statements in the survey. Various negative outlooks were recorded under the categories of work attitudes and habits and temperament; for example, women were still perceived as being emotional. A more positive perception was recorded for aptitudes, knowledge, and skills. When these items were combined with other items defined as positive in the other categories, this strengthened the case for employing women. Overall, the positive change toward women was greater for superintendents than for school-board presidents in the four areas of characteristics surveyed, which can be attributed to superintendents' closer contact to more employment situations than presidents. (RJM)
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Boards of Education, Educational Administration, Elementary Secondary Education, Females, Longitudinal Studies, Sex Bias, Superintendents, Women Administrators
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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