ERIC Number: ED437721
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
A Double-Headed System: A History of K-12 Governance in California and Options for Restructuring. In a Response to a Request by Senator Dede Alpert.
Haberman, Murray J.
This paper presents a history of California's offices of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, State Board of Education, and Secretary of Education by tracing the creation and development of these respective authorities. It discusses the origins of these offices, from the drafting of California's first constitution through the present day, and describes how current statutes do not clearly define these offices' functional responsibilities, creating a lack of clarity that has led to conflict. It opens with the creation of the position of the Superintendent of Public Instruction in 1849 and debates on whether this should be an elected or appointed position. Some of the highlights covered in the history include the constitutional basis for the State Board of Education, the creation of the position of the Secretary of Child Development and Education, and interpretation of the state board's authority. The report also examines governance models used in other states and proposes alternative governance structures. It describes the move toward centralization, the selection of the state board of education, and the appointment of the Chief State School Officer. The paper offers options for restructuring the governance and administration of K-12 education. Four appendices provide ballot arguments for and against various constitutional amendments. (Contains 25 references.) (RJM)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California State Library, Sacramento. California Research Bureau.
Identifiers - Location: California