ERIC Number: ED437568
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Sep
Work-Based Learning and Academic Skills. IEE Working Paper No. 15.
Hughes, Katherine L.; Moore, David Thornton; Bailey, Thomas R.
The claim that work-based experience improves students' academic performance was examined through a study of the academic progress of 25 high school and community college student interns employed in various health care workplaces. Data were collected from the following activities: (1) review of the literature on academic reinforcement and academic outcomes of school-to-work programs; (2) site visits to interview faculty, staff, students, and employers; (3) observation of classroom-based links to the work-based learning components. In 9 of the 25 cases examined, no evidence for any of the following claims for academic reinforcement were found: school-based knowledge is applied; school-based knowledge is explored and tested; and motivation toward school is positively affected. Twelve students experienced instances of simple application of school-based knowledge at work. Evidence of the testing and exploration of school-based knowledge was found in only three cases. Except for those students who were taking courses in clerical skills and data entry in school, the academic reinforcement functions of work experience were minimal. Overall, the interns' work was functional to the employing organization but hardly academic. (Contains 47 references. Appended is a student essay question on productivity in a hospital setting and a sample student response.) (MN)
Descriptors: Academic Education, Allied Health Occupations Education, Community Colleges, Education Work Relationship, High Schools, Hospitals, Internship Programs, Literature Reviews, Outcomes of Education, Productivity, Reinforcement, Skill Development, Student Employment, Transfer of Training, Two Year Colleges, Vocational Education, Work Experience Programs
Institute on Education and the Economy, Teachers College, Columbia University, Box 174, 439 Thorndike Hall, 525 W. 120th St., New York, NY 10027 ($7). For full text: http://www.tc.collumbia.edu/~iee/Public.htm.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Pew Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia, PA.; DeWitt Wallace/Reader's Digest Fund, Pleasantville, NY.
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Inst. on Education and the Economy.