ERIC Number: ED437510
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
The Vocational Education and Training System in Bulgaria. Current Situation, Challenges and Reform Needs.
Pantaleev, Tzako; Kalandarova, Natalia; Dineva, Nedka; Panev, Georgi; Petrova, Iskra
This report reviews the current situation of Bulgaria's vocational education and training (VET) system to identify challenges facing the system and areas needing reform. Section 1 explores the following five aspects of Bulgaria's political and socioeconomic situation: (1) demography; (2) economic developments (privatization of state enterprises, changes in production sectors, role of small and medium enterprises, role of self-employment); (3) social protection and social policy; (4) labor market (employment, unemployment, employment policies); and (5) regional developments. The following four aspects of Bulgaria's VET system are characterized in section 2: (1) organization of education and training (general education and VET at the secondary, postsecondary, and higher education levels); (2) provision of VET; (3) adaptation of VET to socioeconomic change (development of occupational families and profiles, development of new curricula, quality control and recognition of qualifications, career guidance); and (4) shaping VET polity (social dialogue, the industrial relations system, and the involvement of enterprises). Sections 3-9 discuss the following topics: (1) continuing vocational training, adult education, and management training; (2) responsible bodies (characteristics, centralization/decentralization, common standards); (3) legislation; (4) financial support; (5) bilateral and multilateral donors' contributions to VET reform (European Union Phare, World Bank, United Nations, and bilateral projects); (6) VET research; and (7) constraints, challenges, and further needs. The report contains 20 references. (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Continuing Education, Delivery Systems, Economic Change, Economic Climate, Economic Development, Educational Administration, Educational Change, Educational Needs, Educational Opportunities, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Educational Research, Employment Patterns, Financial Support, Foreign Countries, Futures (of Society), General Education, Higher Education, International Educational Exchange, International Programs, Labor Market, Management Development, Needs Assessment, Policy Formation, Population Trends, Postsecondary Education, Program Administration, Secondary Education, Self Employment, Social Change, State of the Art Reviews, Trend Analysis, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Bulgaria