ERIC Number: ED437497
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Worksite Closure on Children's Academic and Psychological Adjustment. Final Report.
Hawaii Univ., Manoa. Center on the Family.
This project examined children's academic performance and psychological well-being in rural communities affected by mass layoffs. In one study (Study A), school level data were compared from similar communities where worksite closing had or had not occurred. Study B explored risk and resiliency processes in a sample of 55 rural Asian Pacific Island American children whose families were affected by the demise of a major sector of the local economy. Study C provided a qualitative view of changes in children's home and community experiences, parents' and children's visions for their future, and suggestions from parents, youth, and teachers about desirable forms of support for children in families affected by job loss. Results indicate little change in school-level indicators of student achievement and behavior during the lay-off and post lay-off years. However, when students were the unit of analysis, widespread difficulties were found in the areas of problem behavior, especially internalizing behavior, and school attendance. Resilience in the face of job loss was predicted by: (1) effective coping strategies; (2) authoritative parenting; (3) social network support; and (4) a safe and positive school and community climate. In general, schools were perceived as making minimal responses to the community crisis. Parents and children wanted greater emotional support as well as stronger academic and career preparation to assist with both current psychological needs and long-term employment viability. Implications of these findings for the school's role in supporting children affected by parental job loss are discussed. Three attachments contain the interview questions for Study B and Study C and a list of project products and presentations. (Contains 5 tables, 10 figures, and 58 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on the Education of At-Risk Students (ED/OERI), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Hawaii Univ., Manoa. Center on the Family.