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ERIC Number: ED437417
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Dec
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
School Level Variables as Predictors of Individual Student Achievement.
Bourke, Sid
It is generally recognized that the home background of students is important for their achievement and progress through school, but obtaining accurate information is becoming increasingly difficult. School-level indicators of socioeconomic status, although coarse, may consist of more than the sum of family backgrounds of students attending the school. They add a "community" context, especially in state elementary schools that serve a defined local area. The usefulness of school-level data on poverty and ethnicity in predicting individual achievement of students in the Advanced Program (program for the most academically able students) was tested for a school district in South Carolina. Although other school and individual indicators were considered, the major focus of this paper is the relationship of poverty of the total school, as measured by the proportion of students receiving free or reduced-price lunches, with the MAT7 basic skills reading and mathematics scores of 1,394 students in years 3 to 5. Analyses indicate that, at least in this situation, the use of aggregated school-level variables for poverty and ethnicity were as efficacious as similar student variables in predicting or explaining individual student achievement in basic skill areas. The implications for educational research are discussed. The likelihood is that a set of aggregated social data will be more complete than a comparable data set containing individual student data. (Contains 6 tables and 12 references.) (SLD)
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Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Carolina