ERIC Number: ED437406
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Nov-17
Reference Count: N/A
The Validation of Three Scales Measuring Anxiety at Different Stages of the Foreign Language Learning Process: The Input Anxiety Scale, the Processing Anxiety Scale, and the Output Anxiety Scale.
Bailey, Phillip; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Daley, Christine E.
This study examined the psychometric properties of the Input Anxiety Scale, the Processing Anxiety Scale, and the Output Anxiety Scale, (all developed by P. MacIntyre and R. Gardner, 1994) which measure anxiety at the input, processing, and output stages of the foreign language learning process. These scales were administered to 258 university students. Evidence of structural validity was provided via three separate exploratory factor analyses, which revealed one factor for each scale, explaining between 43% and 45% of the variance in scores. Confirmatory factor analyses revealed that the three scales did not represent either a single unidimensional construct underlying foreign language anxiety or MacIntyre and Gardner's three-stage model of anxiety. However, when some items were removed, the scales confirmed the three-stage model, suggesting modifications to the scales are needed. (Contains 8 tables and 60 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A