ERIC Number: ED437250
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Reference Count: N/A
Is Knowledge Shared within Households? Policy Research Working Papers No. 2261.
Basu, Kaushik; Narayan, Ambar; Ravallion, Martin
This paper examines whether an illiterate worker's earnings are affected by the literacy of other members of the household. Theory suggests that a member of a collective-action household may or may not share knowledge with others in the household. Shared income gains from shared knowledge may well be offset by a shift in the balance of power within the family. To determine whether literate persons share the benefits of literacy with other household members in practice, data on urban males and on rural males and all females with primary earnings from the nonagricultural sector were drawn from Bangladesh's 1995-96 the Household Expenditure Survey for Bangladesh, 1995-96. For both married and unmarried illiterate working women, living in a literate household greatly increased earnings. However, illiterate women's labor force participation was decreased in a literate household. Illiterate males, in both urban and rural nonfarm sectors, benefitted from living in a literate household but their increase in earnings was much smaller than those of women and became insignificant among unmarried men. The findings suggest that illiterate females are better able to absorb the benefits of literacy than are illiterate males. (Contains 16 references.) (SV)
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Family Environment, Family Influence, Family Relationship, Family Work Relationship, Females, Foreign Countries, Helping Relationship, Illiteracy, Income, Literacy, Males, Rural Areas, Sharing Behavior, Urban Areas
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Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Bangladesh