NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED437208
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Dec
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Issues of Social Promotion.
Di Maria, Marie J.
Noting the difficult decision faced by educators each year regarding the placement of students who are not performing at grade level, this paper examines issues related to social promotion and retention of elementary school students and presents the findings of a questionnaire study of elementary school teachers in New York. The paper argues that neither social promotion nor retention meets the needs of students who fail to achieve and makes a variety of suggestions for improving the learning environment, including using mixed age groups. The study described entailed a 10-item questionnaire distributed to 20 kindergarten through fifth grade teachers in one public school. The findings indicated that 60 percent of the teachers believed that students should not be socially promoted if they had below average grades. Seventy percent believed that students should not remain with their peers if their grades were below average. Thirty percent agreed that behavior problems would occur due to retention. All the teachers questioned agreed that primary grades were the best choice for retention. All agreed that a smaller class size provided a better learning environment. Eighty percent thought that the present class day was long enough. Sixty percent did not favor an extended school year. Sixty percent were undecided about using mixed age groups. Eighty percent thought that students should not be grouped homogeneously. Forty percent were undecided about whether raising standards would meet the needs of at-risk students and 40 percent believed that raising standards would not meet their needs. (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A